XML is often the way to go when exchanging information between (business) entities. Since it is older than the widespread adoption of SSL/TLS, there is a special standard called XML Encryption Syntax and Processing. You can use XML encryption to encrypt any kind of data. So far, so good. But In recent years, XML Encryption became a target of several new attacks. These attacks belong to the family of adaptive chosen-ciphertext attacks, and allow an adversary to decrypt symmetric and asymmetric XML ciphertexts, without knowing the secret keys. In order to protect XML Encryption implementations, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) published an updated version of the standard.