DeepSec 2022 Talk: Iran: A Top Tier Threat Actor – Steph Shample

Sanna/ October 17, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

This presentation, conducted hundreds of times throughout the United States on Wall Street, at various American universities, and throughout the US Defense sector, will go into detail on the evolution of the Iranian cyber program, its current state and most common malware, as well as what geopolitical events and relationships influence Iranian cyber actors. It will also detail why Iran needs to be taken seriously as a digital threat, as they indeed operate at the same level as malicious Russian and Chinese threat actors. We asked Steph Shample a few more questions about her talk. Please tell us the top facts about your talk.  Iran continues to quickly gain sophistication in Cyber. Its state sponsored (military and civilian) and cybercriminal operations have worldwide impact and deserve attention. Iran’s relationships with other adversaries like China

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DeepSec 2022 Talk: Working in Warzones in Theory and in Practice – Enno Lenze

Sanna/ October 10, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

The difference between theory and practice is much smaller in theory than in practice. This also applies to physical and digital security in war zones. While those at home imagine journalists driving certified armored vehicles and using special encrypted devices, in practice, it is often a Toyota Corolla and WhatsApp. Why is that the case? I will try to explain the different aspects and reasoning behind the decisions on digital and physical security based on real-world experiences and examples. We asked Enno Lenze a few more questions about his talk. Please tell us the top 5 facts about your talk. How IT Nerds think you should prepare for a war zone and what it‘s like in reality Threat analysis and the question if you need a bulletproof vest What to pack when going to

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DeepSec 2022 Talk: Protecting Your Web Application/API With CrowdSec – Klaus Agnoletti

Sanna/ October 7, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

Protecting your web applications and APIs are more important than ever. Especially these days where one can deploy their application in the cloud, where everything but the application itself is a standardized application constantly updated for you by continuous patch processes, it is more evident than ever that the biggest risk is present in the code you produce yourself and expose to the internet. But what are the risks? And how to mitigate them? And is it true that APIs don’t need to be secured as much as your website? All competent security professionals know that there’s no such thing as a silver bullet, so obviously creating an AppSec program is inevitable to achieve a sufficient security posture. But how do we handle the remaining risks? CrowdSec is a FOSS security tool that can

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DeepSec Talk 2022: Anticipating Damage Control: Communicating About Cybersecurity Within And Outside Organizations – Prof. Matthieu J. Guitton

Sanna/ October 5, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

Although cybersecurity aims at protecting individuals and organizations from the threats emerging from the massive use of and dependency upon digitalized spaces, the efforts of cybersecurity experts unfortunately do not always succeed in doing so. Therefore, integrated cybersecurity strategies of large organizations should minimally include a plan for damage control. Damage control strategies are typically handled by public relations experts and tend to follow a classical narrative, combining a mix of both apologizing and reassuring discourses. However, in an age of communication technologies, efficient narrative strategies have to be multi-layered. Indeed, while damage control is typically conceptualized as taking place after the occurrence of a damage causing event, it should also include an anticipatory component, both dealing with communication planning and pre-event communication. Furthermore, a damage control narrative can not exclusively focus on a

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DeepSec 2022 Talk: Malware And Exfiltration : A Telegram Story – Godwin Attigah

Sanna/ October 4, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

Exfiltration and command and control are essential parts of the adversary’s kill chain. One of the primary goals of a malicious adversary is to exfiltrate data from an environment undetected and uninterrupted. As a result, several attackers have opted for third-party services typically sanctioned for most enterprises. The accepted status of such applications coupled with an established developer ecosystem makes services such as Slack and Telegram suitable for their exfiltration and command-and-control tool of choice. We have observed the usage of Telegram in different malicious activities including but not limited to ransomware, phishing, remote access trojans and stealers. We will discuss active samples found in the wild with a particular emphasis on stealers. Stealers are a class of malware that is primarily interested in gathering information on a host. Recent examples of Telegram in

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DeepSec Talk 2022: Automatic Recovery Of Cyber Physical Systems Applications Against Known Attacks – Dr M Taimoor Khan

Sanna/ September 28, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

Recovering a software application against an arbitrary attack is an intractable problem because of inadequate information available about compromised components of the application. Therefore, to this end, we have developed a method and supporting tools that can automatically detect and recover the execution of a cyber-physical system application against known attacks. The method can detect and recover the application against cyber, physical, and cyber-physical attacks. However, based on the availability of adequate information about the compromised components, the method supports three different recovery strategies, e.g., “full recovery” – recovers the last secure state of the application, “partial recovery” – recovers a specific state of the application and “no recovery” – recovers application by a user-provided action. Specifically, the method is based on program verification that allows the specifying of various attacks and their recovery

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DeepSec Talk 2022: We Are Sorry That Your Mouse Is Admin – Windows Privilege Escalation Through The Razer Co-installer – Oliver Schwarz

Sanna/ September 26, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

Device-specific co-installers have repeatedly allowed for Windows privilege escalation. Through Windows’ plug’n’play concept, attackers don’t need to rely on any pre-installed software on the victim client. All they need is a peripheral device associated with the vulnerable driver – or simpler, a hacking device that simply impersonates such device. In this talk, I’ll will report on his responsible-disclosure journey for a DLL hijacking in the Razer Synapse service for gaming devices. The journey starts with me trying to fake a vulnerability and suddenly realizing that the vulnerability is actually real. It continues with a support team that apologized to me for my escalated privileges. You will also learn about a number of fixing attempts and insights about Windows’ access control that helped to circumvent these attempts. The final twist: we recently discovered that the

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Scuttlebutt – Musings about the Energy Cost of Information Security

René Pfeiffer/ September 16, 2022/ Conference, Discussion, High Entropy, Scuttlebutt/ 0 comments

[Of course, this is the August 2022 article from the DeepSec Scuttlebutt mailing list. We publish the postings one month later on our blog. For timely scuttlebutt, please subscribe to the mailing list.] Dear readers, the Summer is burning Europe and other parts of the world. The climate is changing and poses the biggest challenge to all aspects of our society. And this is without other man-made catastrophes, such as war, lack of raw materials, logistics, health protection, and many more trouble spots. DeepSec is about information security, so I will stick to the digital parts of the story. There are already too much “experts” on social media. No need to add more. Have you ever wondered what amount of energy is used for digital security measures? Have you ever tried an estimate? I

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DeepSec 2022 Talk: Wireless Keystroke Injection As An Attack Vector During Physical Assessments – Simonovi Sergei

Sanna/ September 16, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

A lot of wireless input devices are vulnerable to keystroke injection due to the lack of security mechanisms, which makes it a perfect attack vector. During the attack, an attacker can send any text string to the victim machine acting as a remote keyboard, which can lead to quick and stealthy compromise of the system. No antivirus software shall spot the attack, as the keyboard, even remotely, is not malicious by itself and is always trusted. We asked Simonovi Sergei a few more questions about his talk. How did you come up with it? Was there something like an initial spark that set your mind on creating this talk? I came up with the idea of using a wireless keystroke injection during one unfortunate physical engagement, during which my team could not get any

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DeepSec 2022 Talk: OPSEC – The Discipline Of The Grey Man – Robert Sell

Sanna/ September 14, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

During operations, it is not unusual for us to get excited about the target and to prematurely begin before we have adequately prepared. As a result, this can not only spoil an operation but can cause dire life-threatening consequences. This talk goes over why OpSec is so important, failures people often make and how we can greatly improve our operational security during intelligence gathering and operations. While I will cover sock puppets and other techniques in detail, I will also cover physical considerations, habits and other areas where risks can be generated unless the operator is careful and diligent. We asked Robert Sell a few more questions about his talk. Please tell us the top 5 facts about your talk.  I start by providing a better definition of OpSec Then, we look at why

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DeepSec 2022 Training: Deep Dive Into Malicious Office Documents For Offensive Security Professionals – Didier Stevens

Sanna/ September 13, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

Malicious Office documents have been on the radar for many years now. But do you know how to create and tailor them efficiently to achieve successful red team engagements? This training will first teach you how to analyse MS Office files (both “old” OLE and “new” XML formats) and PDF files, to better understand how to create them and evade detection. MS Office documents that execute code via macros. And we will take a very quick look at PDF too. Didier Stevens will teach you how to use his Python tools to analyse MS Office documents and PDF documents. Then we will move on to the creation of malicious documents, and Didier will teach you how to use his tools for Microsoft Office and PDF creation for offensive security. Several of these tools are

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44CON Reloaded – get you dose of Information Security!

René Pfeiffer/ September 12, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

44CON is back! Make sure that you get your ticket, because information security is all about getting the edge over your adversaries. This is best done by keeping up-to-date. 44CON has the right schedule for you. It’s full of goodies dealing with Kerberos, forensic code-breaking, attacks on e-ticketing portals, incident response with the Log4J showcase, kernel exploits, and sensibly using security scanners on AWS. The programme also features a hands-on exercise in the form of Trace Labs’ Capture the Flag. 44CON begins on 15 September 2022 at 0915 (BST).

DeepSec 2022 Talk: Vanquish: Analysis Everywhere with Smartphones – Hiroyuki Kakara

Sanna/ September 9, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

I couldn’t sleep well until I developed the “Vanquish.” I couldn’t fully enjoy Disneyland until I developed the “Vanquish.” I was always thinking about 2nd and subsequent payloads of malware of my interest. I was always hoping that C2 servers are available until I reached my malware analysis desktop. But the Vanquish changed my life. He tries to collect all the samples that appear in twitter accounts of your interests. He analyzes those samples and tries to get the next stage samples when I am in bed. And I can ask him to analyze malware from your iPhone even while I’m in Disneyland. The core of the Vanquish is the system which crawls specified twitter accounts every specified minute, parses hashes from the tweet bodies or web sites tweeted, downloads the sample from malware

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DeepSec 2022 Talk: Cypher Query Injection – The New “SQL Injection” We Aren’t Aware Of – Noy Pearl

Sanna/ September 8, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

How often do you hear about injections? Probably a lot. And probably most of them are familiar to you and chances are that you are tired of hearing about another SQL injection that was recently found. Graph Databases (e.g. Neo4j, RedisGraph, Amazon Neptune) which are becoming increasingly popular don’t use SQL, but you can still achieve an injection and even go beyond that. We are going to learn how by manipulating legitimate database functionalities we are able to leverage an injection in Cypher Query to attack the database (DoS), leak sensitive files (RFI) , access protected endpoints (SSRF)  and leverage our attack to perform lateral movement and escalate to other machines as well. We’ll sum up with remediation & mitigation steps and show a ready-to-use open-source playground that was created so you could exploit Graph Databases

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DeepSec 2022 Talk: Melting the DNS Iceberg – Taking Over Your Infrastructure Kaminsky Style – Dipl.-Ing. Timo Longin BSc

Sanna/ September 7, 2022/ Conference/ 0 comments

What does DNS have in common with an iceberg? Both are hiding invisible dangers! Beneath an iceberg there is… even more ice. However, beneath the DNS there are hiding unexpected vulnerabilities! If you want to resolve a name via DNS, there are multiple open DNS resolvers all across the Internet. A commonly used open DNS resolver is Google’s resolver with the IP address 8.8.8.8. However, not every system is using such an open resolver. Hosting providers, ISPs and the like, are often using resolvers that are not directly accessible from the Internet. These are the so called “closed” resolvers. In my previous research “Forgot password? Taking over user accounts Kaminsky style,” I have unearthed critical vulnerabilities in DNS resolvers of web applications, but I haven’t shared a second thought about the fact that these

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