What’s in a name? A rose? The preparation for an attack? Or simply your next web page you will be looking at? The Domain Name System (DNS) has gone a long way from replacing text lists of hosts to a full directory service transporting all kinds of queries. DNS even features a security protocol for cryptographically signed zone data. In order to balance the load, name resolution has caches that temporarily store DNS information. Usually organisations run their own DNS resolvers as caches for their infrastructure. Even if it’s just a flat network with local clients all DNS requests are channelled to hit your resolvers. Before applications open a data connection, they will query the local resolver to get address data or other hints on how to contact the other endpoint of the communication.